The southern branch of the National Palace Museum is located at Tai Po City Chiayi County. The new branch represents a major cultural policy established by the Executive Yuan. In addition to positioning as the museum as an "Asian Museum", the Executive Yuan is also pursuing the goal of balancing the cultural rights between the northern and southern areas of Taiwan. The design concept of the architecture of the museum adopts Chinese calligraphy with different strokes to represent intertwined fluid forms. To meet the mentioned design concept, a 2D steel structure and 3D curve frame structure were chosen for museum architecture. Moreover, the base isolation system is set up with the seismic standards of a 2500 year return period to ensure the safety of collections. In view of the problem of soil liquefaction, driven PC piles will serve as the foundation of the Museum. Compaction effects induced during pile installation are expected to increase resistance against liquefaction. For pile design under soil liquefaction, influence of reduction for ultimate skin friction of liquefied layers and potential negative skin friction induced by the settlement of liquefied layers are considered for the vertical capacities; while both the reduction of group-pile effect and lateral resistance of liquefied soils are adopted for the lateral capacities. In addition, the south side of the museum along the lake area are improved by sand compaction piles to prevent lateral spreading and also ensure the overall stability of the museum. The pilot test area for the sand compaction piles was established to verify the design parameters and construction specification before massive construction. Verification of the effectiveness of sand compaction piles meets the design requirements well, but the effectiveness of the interbedded clay layers must be assessed further. Pile load tests, which employ static load and PDA simultaneously, are performed in two stages. First, the preliminary static load tests are conducted to verify the ultimate capacity of the design piles and the test results of PDA are very consistent with the pile behaviors obtained in static load tests; furthermore, the load test results verified on the working piles meet the allowable bearing capacity of the design. In addition, the integrity of working piles are validated by the PDA tests; and the effect of recovery in pile capacity due to the soil disturbance caused by pile-driving is significant in this project site.
To balance development between the northern and southern part of the country, the government decided to transform the Wei Wu Ying site (an abandoned military base) into an arts and cultural park. The Wei Wu Ying Center for the Arts (WWYCA), located in the northeast corner of the site, will be the largest cultural development in Taiwan after the National Zhongzheng Cultural Center was open for operation in 1987. In order to meet the functional requirement for the theaters and concert halls, the theatrical facilities and acoustical effect shall be specifically considered during the design and construction stages. The project is therefore of its uniqueness and particular complexity. This article first explains the profile, architecture design, and engineering features of the project. Followed by holistic introduction of the project, detail explanation of geotechnical engineering part is presented at the end of the article.
The site of Kaohsiung Maritime Culture and Pop Music Center is located at 11th to 15th Pier in Kaohsiung Harbor, Taiwan. The planned area is about 11.89 hectares. This international competition was won by the team of Spanish architect (Manuel Alvarez Monteserin Lahoz) and domestic architect (HOY). The main goal of this project is to create the center of Asia-Pacific pop-music industry and also provide high standard performance areas specified for pop-music shows. This article is focused on the features of structural and geotechnical design which includes the landmark twin towers imaged from sea waves, the long-span performance hall, and other unique buildings imaged from marine creatures.
The Water-Moon Monastery is situated on the Guandu plain and was designed with 1 to 2 stories above the ground level 1 basement level or no basement. According to foundation settlement analysis of the preliminary design, parts of the building might settle excessively because the building surcharge exceeded soil weight of removed soil and the thick layer of high compressive clay soil under the foundation. In order to avoid the damage caused by excessive differential settlement, a serious of foundation settlement analyses were done and iterative analysis of the modulus of subgrade reaction were also applied, taking into account the nonlinear behavior of soil. After arrangement of the water tank and foundation surcharge, the foundation settlement was controlled within the appropriate range by designing the building surcharge with to be less than the excavated soil weight while employing the concept of a “compensated foundation”. Accordingly, the building was situated to “float” on the soils. This fits in well with the artistic conception of Water-Moon Monastery.
Structure ruins are often discovered and are considered as archaeological evidence. These ancient structures were built by ancient geotechnical and civil engineers. The ancient engineering knowledge is derived from the same origin as modern civil engineering. Therefore, civil engineers can identify the construction methods and technologies of ancient monuments and can extend the knowledge in archaeological explorations.
In addition, the location and size of an ancient structure can be evaluated quickly and precisely using modern non-destructive testing (NDT) technologies, such as ground penetration radar (GPR). These new detecting technologies enhance the success of archaeological explorations. This paper attempts to apply geotechnical engineering knowledge and NDT techniques to discuss the construction methods, possible seismic disasters, and engineering properties of the underlying sand dune of Fort Zeelandia at Anping, Tainan. In addition, the location and the size of the outer wall of the Minor East Gate of Taiwan-fu on the campus of National Cheng Kung University are also discussed.
This paper reviews the structural components and materials used in the historical city walls of Fengshan Hsien and Hengchun. Heavy damage to these ancient city walls occurred, mainly due to strong earthquakes and typhoons. The sandwich structure of the city wall lacked resistance to earthquake vibrations, causing various types of tension cracks on the wall or even collapse of battlements and parapet walls on the top. The cracked walls were vulnerable to water infiltration in the central earth fill portion in rainy seasons, causing further settlement and erosion to the surface. Repairs using strictly traditional methods did not last long. This paper cites two cases of new repair methods. The new walls were built with internal reinforcing bars to bond the wall elements. The external appearance has been retained and no further damage to the wall has occurred in the last decade.